"Action research problematizes the values of the institution by challenging and questioning its practices in the institutional context, which can pose a threat to them. Therefore, action research needs to probe the moral foundations of the institution, while at the same time constructing local groups or communities that collaborate to sustain the moral and intellectual life of institutions. It is a risky and frustrating activity to try to raise awareness about moral responsibilities that have become obscured in the technical practices of institutions. To make inclusive practices a reality, moral aspects of institutional activities need to be addressed. Such challenges are best supported and achieved through discussion, debate and reflective action.
Action research for inclusion may be met with antagonism and hostility, because a collaborative commitment to explicit actions and practices will threaten institutional policies, especially those that rely heavily on bureaucratic procedures." (p. 25)